BERLIN Zach Cunningham Texans Jersey , March 6 (Xinhua) -- The European Union submitted on Friday its formal climate action plan after 2020 to the United Nations. The ambition of the pledge, however, was doubted by some NGOs.


According to the plan, called the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), which posted on the website of UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the EU pledged to reduce its greenhouse emissions by at least 40 percent by 2030 compared to 1990 levels with domestic efforts.


The EU said that its target represents "a significant progression" and is inconsistent with needs to halve global emissions by 2050 compared to 1990.


Some NGOs Deshaun Watson Texans Jersey , however, doubted that the target, which was initially set in an EU summit last October, was far from sufficient regarding the EU's historical responsibility and current capability.


"The science is very clear that such weak targets, combined with the ongoing use of discredited carbon markets, means we are not on track to tackle the climate crisis Tyler Ervin Limited Jersey , and that the EU is now complicit in committing us to further destruction," said Philippine climate activist Lidy Nacpil in an emailed statement.


In previous rounds of UN climate talks, officials from developing countries had criticized that the 40-percent target should be reached by 2020 instead of 2030 since emissions in the EU had already been reduced by 19 percent in 2013 compared with 1990 levels.


Currently, the EU only agreed to cut emissions by 20 percent by 2020 compared to 1990.


A lack of contents about finance and technology support to developing countries and compensation to invulnerable countries in EU's submission on Friday also triggered disappointment.


"How can we adapt to climate change impacts without a commitment on finance? How can African governments scale up their climate action if they don't know what finance and technology is available to them?" said Azeb Girmai from LDC-Watch in Ethiopia.


"A lack of a finance commitment is a lack of a commitment to a meaningful climate deal in Paris," she said.


The EU was the second party to submit its contribution to the Bonn-based UNFCCC.


Countries were asked to make their submission before October this year, in advance of a new universal climate agreement to be inked in Paris in December.


For those who are "ready to do so " Braxton Miller Limited Jersey , the deadline was set at the end of March.


BEIJING, Dec. 28 (Xinhua) -- The rapid advancement of artificial intelligence (AI) in recent years has stoked fear that the technology will one day take control of human destiny. However, experts believe humans are still able to be the masters of their own fate by making the machines they have invented work for their benefit.


WIDESPREAD APPLICATION


Given its extensive application in industrial production and everyday activities, AI is nothing new nowadays both as a concept and in actual practice.


It not only has liberated humans from trivial and repetitive work, but also can satisfactorily accomplish tasks that are otherwise unachievable for mankind due to either physical or intellectual constraints.


AI's stunning power has been demonstrated, for example Keke Coutee Limited Jersey , by the successive wins by Google's AlphaGo over the best human Go players early this year, which have occupied international news headlines and shocked the whole world.


Tech companies have used the technology's ability to make sophisticated choices based on deep learning to facilitate traders in the stock market.


EquBot LLC, a San Francisco-based company which launched the world's first AI-powered Exchange-Traded Fund (ETF) in the New York Stock Exchange in October, said its product can simulate the work of equity research analysts and work around the clock in an "almost fully automated" process.


"The process of choices is almost as complicated as AlphaGo," EquBot CEO Chida Khatua said. "We train our AI models to see how the market will react, let the AI models look at it and see how they behaved Jordan Akins Limited Jersey ," he told Xinhua in a recent interview, explaining the way AI makes decisions.


The AI technology employed by Equbot can process more data than the portfolio managers whom it has replaced and "generate unbiased decisions under a set of investment criteria," according to the company.


In addition, AI has also been applied in the diagnosis of skin cancer, in which the algorithm involved has reached a level on par with professional doctors in dermatology.


It is also featured in the latest iPhone's facial recognition function, and helps Facebook to target users showing intention to commit suicide so as to prevent the tragedies in advance.


Despite these astounding achievements Martinas Rankin Limited Jersey , experts have pointed out that for the time being, the use of AI is still limited to isolated fields and lacks universal applicability.


MAN STILL MASTER OF OWN FATE


People familiar with the AI industry have warned, though, that there will be a time when the technology will evolve into something mature enough to break the sectoral confines.


Elon Musk, CEO of both aerospace manufacturer SpaceX and electric car producer Tesla, has predicted a future scenario where "super AI" will pose real threats to the very existence of mankind Justin Reid Limited Jersey , and human beings will have to face that challenge.


However, Satya Nadella, CEO of Microsoft, views AI as something to be embraced and not feared.


He said that it is up to humans themselves whether AI would prove to be an aid to humanity or end up destroying it. He gave the remarks while launching his book "Hit Refresh" in London in October, according to local media reports.


In a 2016 essay calling for coordination and collaboration on AI, Nadella listed six principles for the design of AI so as to guarantee that the technology works together with human beings instead of harming them.


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