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Thread: Stone Balls/Spheres Around the World

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    Stone Balls/Spheres Around the World

    While googling about the recent pyramid find that CD posted about in another thread here, I found some interesting pics of large stone balls found in this area as well.

    Seems they are similar to other large stone balls found around the world in areas like Costa Rica, Mexico etc.

    What are these balls?....how were they made?....by whom?....for what purpose.

    Here's some information and pics that I've found so far:

    -----------------------

    Stone Balls of Costa Rica

    From: worldmysteries.com

    Where are the balls found?

    They were originally found in the delta of the Térraba River, also known as the Sierpe, Diquís, and General River, near the towns of Palmar Sur and Palmar Norte. Balls are known from as far north as the Estrella Valley and as far south as the mouth of the Coto Colorado River. They have been found near Golfito and on the Isla del Caño. Since the time of their discovery in the 1940s, these objects have been prized as lawn ornaments. They were transported, primarily by rail, all over Costa Rica. They are now found throughout the country. There are two balls on display to the public in the U.S. One is in the museum of the National Geographic Society in Washington, D.C. The other is in a courtyard near the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnography, at Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

    How big are they?

    The balls range in size from only a few centimeters to over two meters in diameter. It has been estimated that the largest ones weigh over 16 tons (ca. 15,000 kg).
    What are they made of?

    Almost all of the balls are made of granodiorite, a hard, igneous stone that outcrops in the foothills of the nearby Talamanca range. There are a few examples made of coquina, a hard material similar to limestone that is formed from shell and sand in beach deposits. This was probably brought inland from the mouth of the Térraba-Sierpe delta. (The background image for these pages is a photograph of the surface of a stone ball in Palmar Sur, Costa Rica.)

    How many of them are there?

    Samuel Lothrop recorded a total of approximately 186 balls for his 1963 publication. However, it has been estimated that there may be several hundred of these objects, now dispersed throughout Costa Rica. It was reported that one site near Jalaca had as many as 45 balls, but these have now been removed to other locations.
    How were they made?

    The balls were most likely made by reducing round boulders to a spherical shape through a combination of controlled fracture, pecking, and grinding. The granodiorite from which they are made has been shown to exfoliate in layers when subjected to rapid changes in temperature. The balls could have been roughed out through the application of heat (hot coals) and cold (chilled water). When they were close to spherical in shape, they were further reduced by pecking and hammering with stones made of the same hard material. Finally, they were ground and polished to a high luster. This process, which was similar to that used for making polished stone axes, elaborate carved metates, and stone statues, was accomplished without the help of metal tools, laser beams, or alien life forms.

    Who made them?

    The balls were most likely made by the ancestors of native peoples who lived in the region at the time of the Spanish conquest. These people spoke Chibchan languages, related to those of indigenous peoples from eastern Honduras to northern Colombia. Their modern descendants include the Boruca, Téribe, and Guaymí. These cultures lived in dispersed settlements, few of which were larger than about 2000 people. These people lived off of fishing and hunting, as well as agriculture. They cultivated maize, manioc, beans, squash, pejibaye palm, papaya, pineapple, avocado, chilli peppers, cacao, and many other fruits, root crops, and medicinal plants. They lived in houses that were typically round in shape, with foundations made of rounded river cobbles.

    How old are they?

    Stone balls are known from archaeological sites and buried strata hat have only pottery characteristic of the Aguas Buenas culture, whose dates range from ca. 200 BC to AD 800. Stone balls have reportedly been found in burials with gold ornaments whose style dates from after about AD 1000. They have also been found in strata containing shreds of Buenos Aires Polychrome, a pottery type of the Chiriquí Period that was made beginning around AD 800. This type of pottery has reportedly been found in association with iron tools of the Colonial period, suggesting it was manufactured up until the 16th century. So, the balls could have been made anytime during an 1800-year period. The first balls that were made probably lasted for several generations, during which time they could have been moved and modified.

    What were they used for?

    Nobody knows for sure. The balls had ceased to be made by the time of the first Spanish explorers, and remained completely forgotten until they were rediscovered in the 1940s. Many of the balls were found to be in alignments, consisting of straight and curved lines, as well as triangles and parallelograms. One group of four balls was found to be arranged in a line oriented to magnetic north. This has led to speculation that they may have been arranged by people familiar with the use of magnetic compasses, or astronomical alignments. Unfortunately, all but a few of these alignments were destroyed when the balls were moved from their original locations, so measurements made almost fifty years ago cannot be checked for accuracy. Many of the balls, some of them in alignments, were found on top of low mounds. This has led to speculation that they may have been kept inside of houses built on top of the mounds, which would have made it difficult to use them for making observations. Ivar Zapp's suggestions that the alignments were navigational devices pointing to Easter Island and Stonehenge are almost certainly wrong. Lothrop's original measurements of alignments of balls only a few meters apart were not accurate or precise enough to allow one to control for errors in plotting such long distances. With the exception of balls located on the Isla del Caño, most of the balls are too far from the sea to have been useful to ocean-going navigators.

    Why are the balls endangered?

    Virtually all of the known balls have been moved from their original locations, destroying information about their archaeological contexts and possible alignments. Many of the balls have been blown up by local treasure hunters who have believed nonsensical fables that the balls contain gold. Balls sitting in agricultural fields have been damaged by periodic burning, which causes the once smooth surface of the balls to crack, split, and erode--a process that has contributed to the destruction of the largest known stone ball. Balls have been rolled into gullies and ravines, or even into underwater marine locations (as at Isla del Caño). The vast majority have been transported far from their zone of origin, separating them even further from the consciousness of the descendants of the people who made these balls.

    More on Costa Rica's Stone Balls
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    Stone Balls found in Bosnia

    Now, half way on the other side of the world, these same stone balls appear.

    From: bosniapyramid.com

    Theories behind stone balls remain elusive.

    Explorer Semir Osmanagic has recently returned from a visit to Mexico, in the town of Gudalahare,

    where he has been investigating the presence of stone balls, resembling those found across regions of Bosnia.

    He found hundreds of stone balls on the Cerra Piedras Bollas hill. There was only one reference to these stone balls, reported in the National Geographic magazine in 1968. The archaologist who found and reported the stone balls could not believe that primitive Indian hands could have created the objects, which were up to 4m diametre and weighed as much as 50 tonnes. He visited a geologist in the region who told him the local theory that the balls were thrown by a volcano, some 30km away, millions of years previously.

    However, most of these balls are concentrated on one hill in the region, so discounting that theory, in addition to the geometric shape of the balls. Another local belief, that there was gold at the centre of the balls, has resulted in damage to many of the stone balls Osmanagic saw.

    All these balls must be the product of intelligent human beings, yet historians have all but ignored their presence - these objects have only, for example, received one small mention in National Geographic, several years before. Little
    significance has been placed on their existence.

    On examining one of the balls in the village of Ahualulco del Mercado, Osmanavic concluded that it was created by the same methodology as that used to create stone balls in Costa Rica and Bosnia and using the same material. There is nothing in our current understanding of history that explains the presence of these stone balls.

    Stone balls found in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Mysterious carved stone balls found across Bosnia are similar to ones found in Costa Rica.

    To date, some 390 stone balls have been found in Costa Rica, all finely finished, but it is not clear how they were created as no tools have been found to explain this.

    Some of these balls were found buried together with pieces of ceramics that suggest that these balls are at least 1200-1300 years old – dating them before the arrival of Christopher Columbus.

    People who found these balls have said that they are always found in group of three, in the shape of a triangle, and always placed in the North-South direction. They are generally found on hills.

    Two of these stone balls have been transferred to the USA (National Geographic Society in Washington, and Harvard University in Cambridge).

    Various theories have been suggested to explain the presence of the stone balls in Costa Rica. American archaeologist Samuel K Lothrop (“Archeology of the Diquis Delta, Costa Rica”, Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, 1963), for example, concludes that there is evidence that the stone balls have been oriented astronomically.

    There has been little theorising to date about stone balls in Bosnia. Explorer Semir Osmanagic first heard about their presence from a Bosnian friend, Bojan zecevic, in 2004. They then contacted Bosnian historians and created a team to explore the phenomenon of the ‘Bosnian Stone balls’ .

    They first explored the North West region of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In the village Trn near the town of Banja Luka they found that two balls had been used as part of a foundation of a house, each with a radius of 30-40 cm. They were finely polished and heavier than normal stone. A short distance from the house they found the pieces of a ball that had been cut in half; the damaged ball has a radius of one metre.

    In the North Bosnian village of Teočak, eight balls have been found. All these balls are geometrically shaped but none of them are finely polished. They are granit and some of the balls have holes across their surface.

    These stone balls have been found in several locations - a restaurant in Vares has even been named after the stone outside and is called ‘Kugla Restoran’ or Stone Ball Restaurant.

    The largest stone ball found in Bosnia (near the village of Slatina, Banjaluka) is unfinished. Historians believe that it would have been polished to complete the geometric shape of the ball.

    Geologist Mile Vujačić believes that the Bosnian stone balls were produced naturally by water shaping the rock over a long period – although this conclusion is uncertain given the number of locations where these stone balls have been found and their correct geometric shape.

    No one can be sure just how many of these stone balls exist in Bosnia but the number found to date may represent a small fraction of the true number. The balls have been buried over hundreds of years and only accidental findings are bringing them to light.
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    ......never mind. I thought someone was talking about me.

    Interesting post, however.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Nemo
    ......never mind. I thought someone was talking about me.

    Interesting post, however.
    ....stone huh??!! ....sounds a bit heavy to me!!!!!

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    Quote Originally Posted by Nemo
    ......never mind. I thought someone was talking about me.

    Interesting post, however.
    I thought they would be brass....my bad....

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    Some pretty cool photos here of the "stone balls' in Costa Rica

    The Stone Spheres of Costa Rica

    Costa Rican Stone Spheres

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  7. #7
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    These spheres has always fascinated me. My personal opinion that I'm comfortable with, is that they are celestial references, and are representative of the ancient knowledge of the solar system/galaxy that these people(s) had. As science today tends to think of these ancients people(s) as being somewhat primitive, it is difficult for them to understand that such knowledge was possible. To wrap ones brain around the fact that such knowledge did indeed exist, means that one has to understand that other worldly beings have always visited earth. Some of these being stayed and imparted knowledge about the cosmos. Nothing mysterious at all IMO.
    You don't have a soul. You are a Soul. You have a body. ~C.S. Lewis

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    History has to be rewritten .We must uncover true history but without the bible and other mythical books point of views.Archeology is also making us look in the wrong direction for there is artifacts found around the world which do not fit the archeological time frame of history.


    Petrospheres or stone balls are pre-Columbian carvings found only in Costa Rica (One has been found just over the border in Panamá).

    They are almost perfectly spherical, and many are finely polished some are a more than 2 metres (six feet) in diameter. The largest found to date weighs over 15 tons. They were carved without the aid of metal tools, and some were transported hundreds of kilometres despite the Indians having no wheel nor beasts of burden.

    This is a short documentary in two parts each about 8 minutes long.


    Maybe they were used to plug lava tubes, which fed the volcanoes with ocean water...are there lava tubes in the region? They may be covered over by the jungle at the base of the volcanoes.

    By putting the spheres into the intakes from the ocean, the steam engineers could have used the ocean water to feed the smelting furnaces at the base of active volcanoes...

    We are also studying the name origins of Tuxtla MX and Tuzla Bosnia, in connection with the pyramids in both regions.

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    In the 1930's, the United Fruit Company was excavating remote, farmlands of Costa Rica, near the Diquis Valley on the Pacific Ocean coast when discovered many large stone spheres buried and impaled in the tropical soil. Since then, archaeologists have been perplexed by the stones.

    full story: http://www.costaricafrog.com/2010/02/...

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    Hundreds of Mysterious Spheres Found Under Ancient Temple in Mexico

    Tuesday, April 30, 2013





    0





    Archaeologists have discovered hundreds of spheres beneath a temple outside of Mexico City.


    “They look like yellow spheres, but we do not know their meaning. It’s an unprecedented discovery,” said Jorge Zavala, an archaeologist at Mexico’s National Anthropology and History Institute.


    The spheres were found by a robot with a camera at the Moseamerican ruins of Teotihuacan, thought to be one of the largest urban centers in the world in ancient times.
    The pyramid-filled city had more than 100,000 residents at its peak (inhabitated from 100 B.C.) but was abandoned around 700 A.D. for reasons still unknown to the current humankind.


    Mysteries extend far in this area; we do not know who lived here before the Aztecs arrived about 700 years later.


    The team has been exploring the area underneath the Temple of the Feathered Serpant for more than 9 years. They found two side chambers and explored these using a remote-controlled robot equipped with an infrared camera and a laser scanner that visualizes the space beneath the temple in 3-D.


    “The robot was able to enter in the part of the tunnel which has not yet been excavated yet and found three chambers between 100 and 110 meters (328 and 360 feet) from the entrance,” said archaeologist Sergio Gómez Chávez, director of the Tlalocan Project.




    The spheres were in both chambed, and range from 1.5 to 5 inches big, with a core of clay and a covering of a yellow material called jarosite.


    This material is formed by the oxidation of pyrite, which is a metallic ore,” Gómez Chávez said. “It means that in pre-hispanic times they appeared as if they were metallic spheres.”


    Even the walls and ceiling of both chambers were covered with a mineral powder composed of magnetite, pyrite and hematite which provided a special brightness to the place.


    “We believe that high-ranking people, priests or even rulers, went down to the tunnel to perform rituals,” Gómez Chávez said. Further study of the tunnels may even garner the body of the person who ruled the area, he added.







    Article

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  11. #11
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    Those balls are great conversational pieces ... or perhaps the giants enjoyed a game of marbles
    “It does not require many words to speak the truth.”
    Chief Joesph

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    Quote Originally Posted by Topper View Post
    Those balls are great conversational pieces ... or perhaps the giants enjoyed a game of marbles
    ...maybe it's as simple as that!!!

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